Smoke control is a very important element to consider when designing a building, whether that building is for domestic or commercial use. Smoke control systems are available in various forms and they are essential to ensure that buildings are safe in the event of a fire.
Here we take a look at the basic principles of a smoke control or ventilation system. If you are looking for professional or expert help with choosing a system for your property or you would like to find out about smoke ventilation equipment, click here for details.
What is the Purpose of a Smoke Control System?
Smoke control systems are sometimes referred to smoke ventilation systems. The key reasons for these systems to be installed are:
- To ventilate a building successfully so that escape routes, at a time of emergency, are free from smoke.
- To assist fire fighters in their operations by providing smoke free entry into a building.
- To prevent or delay the onset of a fire developing or spreading into other parts of the building.
- To reduce smoke and heat damage to a building during a fire.
- To prevent damage or reduce the damage caused by hot gases.
- To reduce thermal damage to the structure of the building.
All of the above help to improve safety for people getting out of the building during a fire, as well as protecting the building in a structural way.
What are the Different Types of Smoke Control Systems?
When it comes to examining smoke ventilation systems, there are two main systems to bear in mind:
- Smoke Clearance Ventilation Systems – these are used in corridors and stairwells or in enclosed spaces such as car parks, and the key objective of these systems is to provide ventilation. This will reduce the smoke build up in common areas to ensure that there is access. Although these systems vent away the smoke, they are not necessarily designed to provide safety for people trying to escape the building. This system should not be confused for the following:
- Life Safety Ventilation Systems – these are installed to offer protection for people living in, working in and walking around in the building in question, and are used to aid escape. These systems successfully vent out the dangerous smoke, making a clear escape route.